Indonesia Public Holidays 2013
2013 Public Holidays of Indonesia
During public holidays in Indonesia, most businesses and government offices are closed. During this day, most people do not go to work. Indonesia has several public holidays. A joint decree on these public holidays is issued by the Minister of Transmigration and Human Resources, Minister of Religious Affairs and the Minister for State Bureaucratic Reform and Empowerment. Most of the public holidays of Indonesia are made up of religious festivals, like the Hindus’ day of complete silence (Nyepi) or the Good Friday for Christians. Since majority of Indonesians are Muslims, most of the public holidays are Islamic festivals. Muslim festivals are based on local sightings of various moon phases. Therefore, the given dates are usually approximations. Festivals of Buddhists are also based on moon phases, this allows for variations within dates. Non religious public holidays include The Proclamation of Independence and the New Year Day. The following are Indonesia public holidays 2013.
1st January, New Years’ Day: this is a public holiday celebrated to mark the first day in a new year. Most countries, including Indonesia, use the Gregorian calendar. This therefore can be termed as an international public holiday because it is celebrated globally.
23rd January, Chinese Lunar Year: the celebrations to mark the Chinese New Year are locally called Imlek. Some parts of Indonesia such as Semarang, Sukabumi and Singkawang celebrate this holiday. Before 2002, the Chinese New Year was not celebrated as a national holiday.
23rd March, The Day of Silence, Nyepi: this celebration is held in celebration of the turn of the Saka year of the Hindus. This is one of the most important religious festivals for Hindus all over Indonesia. In 2013, this holiday is celebrated for the 1931 Saka New Year coming. From 6 a.m. to 6 a.m. the following morning, Bali Island plunges into complete silence. During this day, no land, sea or air traffic is allowed. All fires and lights are dimmed.
6th of April, Good Friday: this holiday is also called Great Friday, Black Friday or Holy Friday. Christians throughout Indonesia observe this holiday. This holiday is mostly observed by the regions dominated by Christians, such as Flores, Ambon, Manado and Toba. Special commemorations are observed at Semanta Santa.
17th August, Independence Day: this is the most celebrated public holiday in Indonesia. It is celebrated by the whole country, from major cities to remote villages. It is referred to as the day the Republic of Indonesia was born. During this holiday there are several vibrant activities across the country. The Merdeka Palace in Jakarta holds the official ceremonies, led by the president.
19th-20th Augsut, Eid ul Fitr: this holiday is celebrated by the Muslim brothers in Indonesia. It marks the completion of the fasting period called Ramadhan. ‘Eid’ means festivity while ‘Fitr’ means breaking the fast. So it is celebrated to mark the breaking of the fast period. During this public holiday, majority of the people that live in large cities go to hometowns and villages to visit relatives.
25th December, Christmas: despite the fact that Indonesia has a larger population of Muslims than Christians, Christmas is celebrated as a national holiday in Indonesia. This celebration in Indonesia is marked by church attendance by Christians. For most Christian families, this celebration is usually held within the family circle. When the year is about to end, most shopping centers stock their finest stuff to lure shoppers. Malls are usually filled with discounts and bargain hunters. Manado usually stages Christmas celebrations.